Hawaii Fish Habitat Partnership
The Hawaii Fish Habitat Partnership is composed of a diverse group of partners that have the capacity to plan and implement a technically sound statewide aquatic habitat restoration program. In addition to state and federal resource agencies, our partners include local watershed coalitions, non-profit organizations, industry groups and private landowners who are interested in increasing effective stewardship of stream, estuarine, coral reef and coastal marine habitats. The partnership is supporting on-the-ground restoration including removal of barriers to native fish and invertebrate migration, controlling invasive riparian vegetation, improving water quality in coastal areas and contributing to educational support for native Hawaiian student interns.
Private interests that own and manage tens of thousands of acres of land
throughout Hawaii and who seek to establish sustainable resource management
practices for lands devoted to agriculture, forestry, and conservation.
Representatives of native Hawaiian groups that seek to preserve freshwater
aquatic resources as a cultural and natural resource legacy for the indigenous
inhabitants of the islands.
The Hawaiian Islands are among the most geographically isolated island chains in the world. Approximately 365 perennial streams are located on the five largest Hawaiian Islands (Kauai, Oahu, Maui, Molokai and sland of Hawaii). These streams support remarkable native communities of fish and invertebrates. All of Hawaii’s nine stream-dwelling species (five fish, two shrimp and two snails) are diadromous. Their life cycle requires downstream dispersal of larvae through the stream channel to the sea, and each returning individual must complete an arduous upstream climb back to suitable stream habitat.
Need for Restoration
Alteration of stream habitat has affected the structure and function of many streams across the Hawaiian Islands. Widespread impacts include physical alteration of stream channels, degradation of water quality, water withdrawals, and introduction of non-native species. A critical management goal is removal of migration barriers to allow fish passage between upper watersheds and the sea.
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service